Washington State Supreme Court
Often my heart swells with pride for the work that my firm does because the results from our cases truly make our state safer for everyone. Today is one of those days: In a unanimous decision in Wuthrich v. King County, the Washington State Supreme Court held that a municipality has a duty to take reasonable steps to address overgrown roadside vegetation that makes the roadway unsafe for drivers approaching an intersection.
Today’s decision advances roadway safety for anyone who travels the roads in Washington State. As our state’s highest court maintains: A municipality has the overarching duty to provide reasonably safe roads and must be held to the same standards as that applied to private parties.
Our state’s supreme court now explicitly rejects old law that held that a municipality’s duty is limited to mere compliance with applicable law. Moreover, an “inherently dangerous condition” does not exclusively depend on a condition that “exists in the roadway itself.” A hazard may exist as a situation along a highway, such as overgrown bushes that obstruct drivers’ view of oncoming traffic.
The decision today stems from a June 2011 lawsuit that Guy Wuthrich filed against Christa Gilland and King County. Guy was riding a motorcycle on Avondale Road NE in King County, approaching an intersection with NE 159th Street on June 20, 2008 at about 5:15 PM. Drivers on 159th St. have a stop sign at the intersection, but drivers on Avondale Road do not. Christa Gilland was driver a car on 159th Street. When she reached the intersection with Avondale Rd., she stopped to wait for passing traffic. She did not see Guy approaching from her left. She turned left onto Avondale Road and collided into Guy’s motorcycle, resulting in serious injuries to Guy. The lawsuit alleged that the County was liable for Guy’s injuries because the wall of overgrown blackberry bushes on County property obstructed Ms. Gilland’s view of traffic at the intersection. The trial court dismissed the action against the County on summary judgment. The Court of Appeals affirmed in a split decision.
Some of you may have already seen our Ray Kahler argue before the Supreme Court. But, in case you missed it and want to hear some stellar arguments, click here. Kudos to the entire team, including Ray, Keith Kessler, Garth Jones and Brad J. Moore.
Earlier this month, we lost a true captain of justice, retired Washington Supreme Court Justice Robert Utter, who died at age 84. I call him a “captain” because one of his passions was sailing. Utter served as chief justice of the Supreme Court from 1979 to 1981. That period was when Washington State’s new death penalty legislation was tested in both the high court and the federal courts.
Paul Stritmatter, invited to speak this Wednesday in honor of the 25th anniversary of Sofie v. Fibreboard, will pay homage to this great figure in his speech. Utter authored the Sofie decision, which removed the cap on damages for personal injury plaintiffs, altering the landscape of tort law in this state.
Utter was a revered jurist for his constitutional analysis, for his high moral standards, and for his empathy of the plight of those less fortunate. Beyond our state and country, he traveled to the far reaches of the globe and helped no less than 20 countries to implement justice systems and to adopt meaningful constitutions.
In 1992, the Dali Lama’s legal adviser called Utter to seek advice about how to draft the criminal law code for the Tibetan Government in Exile. Utter’s focus was on rehabilitation and dispute resolution.
In 1995, Utter resigned over what he perceived as the court’s failure by the court to adequately consider proportionality in weighing capital sentences. During the 1990’s, he also taught Constitutional Law at my alma mater, formerly the University of Puget Sound Law School (now Seattle University School of Law).
In 2003, in recognition of his work with judges in emerging democracies, Utter received the CEELI Volunteers Award from the American Bar Association. This award was one of the most meaningful awards for Utter, who explained, “It’s been a great privilege. The greatest has been to see the dedication of people around the world under incredible circumstances working to develop the rule of law in their own countries.” About a poll taken in Haiti in 2011, Utter wrote: “In a country with massive unemployment, brutality, corruption, poverty and a pervading sense of hopelessness, the primary wish was for the availability of justice for all and for a non-corrupt court system… The fulfillment of this universal longing for justice and access to a fair judicial system does not occur without an investment of time, energy, commitment and courage.”
Indeed, Justice Utter invested a lifetime of energy, commitment and courage in the furtherance of justice. We honor this remarkable jurist.